Elementor #547

"If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration"

These painful and potentially life-threatening conditions require medical treatment. Each year, 600 billion US dollars are spent on
pharmaceuticals (chemical drugs) worldwide. Despite the efficacy of these drugs, the risk of serious side effects makes them dangerous,
while the costs involved in pharmaceutical treatments are extremely high. There must be a better way!

Contact us for treatment without complications and better with light therapy devices

NSAIDS
• Liver damage
• Allergic reactions
• Clotting disorders
• Potential influence on
brain development during
pregnancy and infancy
• Addiction
• Stomach ulcers

Opioids
• Addiction
• Stomach ulcers
• Clotting disorders
• Liver problems
• Kidney problems
• Changes in bowel habits

Hypertensive Drugs
• Dizziness
• Skin rashes
• Changes in taste
perception
• Swelling of the face
• Muscle weakness
• Changes in bowel habits

metal

Metals

Copper

Introduction of company

Copper is a metal which has been used for many years. 85-90% of copper consumed in the World is achieved by extracting from copper mines. Metals are extracted from ore in two ways: Pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy. Pyrometallurgy has been used by the humankind ever since the beginning of the human history. Nowadays, more than 95% of metals are procured in this way. Although pyrometallurgical methods have been prevalent, however, during the recent years, new hydrometallurgical methods have been considered, and there was a considerable growth in the production of copper and other basic metals in this way. According to the latest evaluation made in 1997, mineral deposits of copper have been estimated at 57000 million tons all over the World (except China and ex-Soviet), and the mineral copper deposit of Iran is roughly 1900 million tons containing 14 million tons copper, being around 3% of mineral copper deposits of the World. According to studies made, in terms of mineral copper deposits, Iran is located on the World belt of this metal, stretching in direction of the North West – South East axis of the country.

History of copper in Iran

Copper objects and alloys obtained at various points of Iran as well as remains of old primitive furnaces of melting copper show that the old Iranians knew the industry of extracting and melting. Archeological explorations show that mines were fairly prosperous in Iran after the 5th millennium BC. Bronze, golden and silver objects obtained from the next millennium illustrate progresses made in operating mines and metallurgy in Iran. After appearance of Islam particularly during Seljukian (6th century A.H.) and Safavids (11th century A.H.), there was much prosperity in operating mines and metallurgy in Iran.

National Iranian Copper Industries Co.

On July 03, 1972, Kerman Sarcheshmeh Copper Mines Co. (P.J.S.) was incorporated and in 1976 it was renamed National Iranian Copper Industries Co., which encompasses all operations of copper mines in the country. The functions of this company include among others: To extract and operate mines of copper; to produce high grade products of ore and copper products such as cathode, slab, billet, and 8-mm wires. Among the most important copper mines of the country one may name: Sarcheshmeh and Miduk in Kerman, and Songon in East Azerbaijan.

 

 

 

 

 

Aluminium:

Aluminium is a silvery-white metal, the 13 element in the periodic table. One surprising fact about aluminium is that it’s the most widespread metal on Earth, making up more than 8% of the Earth’s core mass. It’s also the third most common chemical element on our planet after oxygen and silicon.

At the same time, because it easily binds with other elements, pure aluminium does not occur in nature. This is the reason that people learned about it relatively recently. Formally aluminium was produced for the first time in 1824 and it took people another fifty years to learn to produce it on an industrial scale.

The most common form of aluminium found in nature is aluminium sulphates. These are minerals that combine two sulphuric acids: one based on an alkaline metal (lithium, sodium, potassium rubidium or caesium) and one based on a metal from the third group of the periodic table, primarily aluminium.

Aluminium sulphates are used to this day to clean water, for cooking, in medicine, in cosmetology, in the chemical industry and in other sectors. By the way, aluminium got its name from aluminium sulphates which in Latin were called alumen.

 

Type Chemical Components %
AlAluminum no less than Impunities no more than
Fe Si Cu Ga Mg Others Total
Al99.85 99.85 0.12 0.08 0.005 0.03 0.03 0.015 0.15
Al99.80 99.8 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.2
Al99.70 99.7 0.2 0.13 0.1 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.3
Al99.60 99.6 0.25 0.18 0.1 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.4
Al99.50 99.5 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.5
Al99.00 99 0.35 0.45 0.2 0.05 0.05 0.05 1

 

d2

DIESEL FUEL (GAS OIL)

DIESEL FUEL (GAS OIL)

 

Diesel fuel is produced from various sources, the most common being petroleum. Other sources include biomass, animal fat, biogas, natural gas, and coal liquefaction.

 

Petroleum diesel, also called petrodiesel is the most common type of diesel fuel. It is produced from the fractional distillation of crude oil between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F) at atmospheric pressure, resulting in a mixture of carbon chains that typically contain between 8 and 21 carbon atoms per molecule.

 

The important properties which are used to characterize diesel fuel include cetane number (or cetane index), fuel volatility, density, viscosity, cold behavior, and sulfur content. Diesel fuel specifications differ for various fuel grades and in different countries.

 

The principal measure of diesel fuel quality is its cetane number. A cetane number is a measure of the delay of ignition of a diesel fuel. A higher cetane number indicates that the fuel ignites more readily when sprayed into hot compressed air.  European (EN 590 standard) road diesel has a minimum cetane number of 51. Diesel fuel is more efficient than gasoline because it contains 10% more energy per gallon than gasoline. But there are a few kinds of diesel fuel: Standard diesel fuel (sometimes called diesel oil) comes in two grades: Diesel #1 (or 1-D) and Diesel #2 (or 2-D). The higher the cetane number, the more volatile the fuel. Most diesel vehicles use fuel with a rating of 40 to 55.

ISO has a standard for D2 Diesel Gasoil that most oil companies used as a reference. … Historically, the sulfur content in diesel fuels for highway and nonroad vehicles was limited to 0.5% (wt.) by ASTM specifications. D2 Diesel Fuel is available with various levels of sulfur content, ranging from 10 ppm to 10000 ppm.

Bitumen

Bitumen

Bitumen

the experiment Test Method 30-40 40-50 60-70 85-100 100-120
Density ASTM D-7 06 / 1-01 / 1 06 / 1-01 / 1 06 / 1-01 / 1 5 0 / 1-1 04 / 1-01 / 1
At penetration of mm / 10, 25C degrees ASTM D-5 30-40 40-50 60-70 85-100 100-120
Soft point ºC ASTM D-36 55-63 52-60 49-56 45-52 42-49
Tensile strength at 25 ºC cm ASTM D-113 Min 100 Min 100 Min 100 Min 100 Min 100
Flash point .C ASTM D-92 Min250 Min250 Min250 Min250 Min250
Solubility in disulfide% wt. ASTM D-4 5/99 5/99 5/99 5/99 5/99
Stain test AASHTO T 102 Negative Negative Negative Negative Negative
Weight loss due to heat% wt. ASTM D-6 Max 2/0 Max 2/0 Max 2/0 Max 2/0 Max 2/0
Effect of diffusion drop on heat,% ASTM D-6-D-5 20 Max Max20 Max20 Max20 Max20

Bitumen INFILTRATION GRADES

 

 

 

 

VG BITUMENS

In the classification based on the viscosity of bitumens according to the amount of absolute viscosity at 60 ° C or kinematic viscosity at 135 ° C, classification and specific technical criteria have been determined for each of them. Absolute viscosity is expressed in terms of pouza and kinematic viscosity is expressed in terms of centi-stokes. Classification and specifications of pure bitumen are reported in AASHTO – M226 and ASTM – D3381 standards.

Table 1-2: Technical specifications of pure bitumen in terms of viscosity at 60 ° C according to AASHTO-M226.

the experiment Degree of viscosity
5/2 AC- 5 AC- 10 AC- 20 AC- 30AC- 40AC-
Viscosity at 60 ° C, in Pooz 50 ± 250 100 ± 500 200 ± 1000 400 ± 2000 600 ± 3000 800 ± 4000
Viscosity at 135 oC, cSt, minimum 125 175 250 300 350 400
Degree of penetration at 25 oC, 100 g, 5 seconds, minimum 220 140 80 60 50 40
Flash point, Cleveland open container, ° C, minimum 163 177 219 232 232 23
Solubility in trichlorethylene,% 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99
Test on the remaining bitumen thin layer in the test:
Thermal drop,%, max 0/1 5/0 5/0 5/0 5/0
Viscosity at 60 ° C, Poiss 1000 2000 4000 8000 12000 16000
Bitumen tensile, cm, at 25 ° C at a rate of 5 cm / min, minimum (1) 100 100 75 50 40 25
Stain test (depending on the case or according to the specifications) with:
Halal Nafta Negative result for all the above bitumens
Naphtha solvent – xylene, percentage of xylene Negative result for all the above bitumens
Solvent naphtha xylene, percentage of xylene Negative result for all the above bitumens

(1) If the tension at 25 ° C is less than 100 cm, it is acceptable provided that the tension at 15.6 ° C with a tension speed of 5 cm / min is at least 100 cm.

 

 

 

 

Table 1-3: Technical specifications of pure bitumen in terms of viscosity at 60 ° C according to AASHTO-M226

 

 

Residual results of Ashto 240 T test method (1) Degree of viscosity
10AR- 20AR- 40AR- 80AR- 160AR-
Viscosity at 60 ° C, Poiss 250 ± 1000 500 ± 2000 1000 ± 4000 2000 ± 8000 4000 ± 16000
Viscosity at 135 oC, cSt, minimum 140 200 275 400 550
Degree of penetration at 25 oC, 100 g, duration 5 seconds – minimum 65 40 25 20 20
Percentage of initial bitumen penetration at 25 – minimum 40 45 50 52
Bitumen tension at 25 ° C at a rate of cm / min5, cm, minimum (2) 100 (2) 100 75 75 75
Test on primary bitumen
Cleveland open container flash point, oC, minimum 205 219 227 232 238
Solubility in trichlorethylene,% 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99

(!) Ashto 240 T (bitumen thin layer test) may be used, but Ashto 240 T should be used as a comparative method.

(2) Bitumen tensile less than 100, the material will remain. If the tensile strength of 15.6 oC bitumen is at least 100.

 

 

 

 

Table 1-4: Technical specifications of pure bitumens in terms of viscosity at 60 ° C according to ASTM-D3381.

 

 

the experiment Degree of viscosity
5 / 2AC- 5AC- 10AC- 20AC- 40AC-
Viscosity at 60 ° C, Poiss 250 ± 50 500 ± 100 1000 ± 200 2000 ± 800
Viscosity at 135 oC, cSt, minimum 80 110 150 210 300
Degree of penetration at 25 oC, 100 g, 5 seconds, minimum 200 120 70 40 20
Cleveland open container flash point, oC, minimum 163 177 219 232 232
Solubility in trichlorethylene,% 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99
Test on residual bitumen:
Viscosity at 60 ° C, Poiss, max 1250 2500 5000 10000 20000
Bitumen tension at 25 oC at a speed of 5 cm / min,%, minimum (1) 100 100 50 20 10

(1) If the tension at 25 ° C is less than 100 cm, it is acceptable provided that the tension at 15.6 ° C with a tension speed of 5 cm / min is at least 100 cm.

 

 

 

Table 1-5: Technical specifications of pure bitumen in terms of viscosity at 60 ° C according to ASTM-D3381.

 

 

the experiment Degree of viscosity
5 / 2AC- 5AC- 10AC- 20AC- 30AC- 40AC-
Viscosity at 60 ° C, Poiss 250 ± 50 500 ± 100 1000 ± 200 2000 ± 400 3000 ± 600 4000 ± 800
Viscosity at 135 ° C, minimum 125 175 250 300 350 400
Infiltration at 25 oC, 100 g, for 5 seconds – minimum 220 140 80 60 50 40
The flash point of Cleveland open containers is oC-minimum 163 177 219 232 232 232
Solubility in trichlorethylene – minimum – percentage 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99
Experiment on the remaining bitumen from the thin layer of bitumen:
Viscosity at 60 ° C, maximum Poiss 1250 2500 5000 10000 15000 20000
Tensile strength at 25 oC at a speed of Cm / min5, cm, minimum (1) 100 100 75 50 20 10

(1) If the tension at 25 ° C is less than 100 cm, it is acceptable provided that the tension at 15.6 ° C with a tension speed of 5 cm / min is at least 100 cm.

Table 1-6: Technical specifications of pure bitumens in terms of viscosity at 60 ° C according to ASTM-D3381

 

 

Experiments on the residue of a thin layer of bitumen (1) Degree of viscosity
1000AR- 2000AR- 4000AR- 8000AR- 16000AR-
Viscosity at 60 ° C, in Pooz 1000 ± 250 2000 ± 500 4000 ± 1000 8000 ± 2000 16000 ± 4000
Viscosity at 135 oC, cSt, minimum 140 200 275 400 550
Degree of penetration at 25 oC, 100 g, duration 5 seconds, minimum 65 40 25 20 20
Percentage of degree of penetration of primary bitumen at 25 oC, minimum 40 45 50 52
Bitumen tensile at 25 oC at a rate of 5 cm / min, cm, minimum (1) 100 (2) 100 75 75 75
Experiment on the remaining bitumen from the thin layer of bitumen:
Cleveland open container flash point, oC, minimum 205 219 227 232 238
Solubility in trichlorethylene, minimum,% 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99 0/99

(1) A thin layer of bitumen may be used in the test. But bitumen thin layer testing should be used as a comparative method.

(2) It is acceptable if the tension at 25 ° C is less than 100 cm. Provided that the tension at 15.6 ° C with a tension speed of 5 cm / min is at least 100 cm.

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Devon-Devon

Devon – Devon

 

Devon & Devon is an exclusive way of living

the House. A quality choice that sinks in

its roots in the love for raw materials and

in the extraordinary skills of the billing hands

of its craftsmen. A declension of the

taste, made of timeless products that

recover n o e re i n te r p retano with occ h i

attentive to the present the best of tradition

e u ro p e a e d e l d e s i g n d e l Novecent o.

From its headquarters in Florence and its stores in

world, the company offers everything you need for

making every place a home to feel good and in

to which you want to return

mar

Marca Corona

Marcacorona

Marca Corona: Italian porcelain tiles for indoor and outdoor

Beauty, resistance, versatility and sustainability. These are the features of the ceramics signed by Marca Corona, a brand that proudly represents the values and the quality of Made in Italy ceramics since 1741. Discover an eclectic and contemporary proposal of porcelain stoneware floors and white-body coverings: italian porcelain tiles for bathroom, kitchen, living and outdoor designed to furnish all environments in the residential or contract spaces with personality. Discover our ceramic floors and walls tiles.

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Bianchini Capponi

Bianchini Capponi

In 1971 Bianchini & Capponi started its furniture production activity in Arezzo, Tuscany, a great town of art and renowned for antique trade. From the beginning, it characterized its collections for a retro inspiration, linked to the reinterpretation of the great classics of furniture of all times, and for an artistic / artisan care in the workmanship

In 1980, in a moment of renewed attention to the bathroom, Bianchini & Capponi was the first company to offer solid wood bathroom furniture, in classic tuscan style. The success is immediate: customers like the proposal of furniture made in solid wood combined with natural marble, and the style of furniture capable of transmitting personality and warmth to the ambiance.

In 1996 Bianchini & Capponi launched a new collection made of unique and prestigious pieces: the Rinascimento collection, composed of solid wood furniture and doors, executed following the most ancient restoration techniques, enriched by precious hand-decorations or hand-carvings.

Throughout its productive life, Bianchini & Capponi has unquestionably always demonstrated the ability to offer collections capable of marking new trends and styles. The latest collections are dedicated to contemporary design, made with really innovative materials and techniques, such as “Materia Multicolor”, “Stonelight” and “Design”.

The latest creation of true prestige is represented by a collection for the bathroom, currently the only one in the world, made in real and precious Crystal 24% lead.

download

International Sales Contract for Manufactured Goods

International Sales Contract for Manufactured Goods  

 

Part A: INDIVIDUALLY NEGOTIATED TERMS

 

 

1) Seller (name and address of principal = the person or entity for whom the contract is made AND

 

name and title of authorized representative and/or contact person with phone and fax numbers)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

2) Buyer (name and address of principal = the person or entity for whom the contract is made AND

 

name and title of authorized representative and/or contact person with phone and fax numbers)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

3) Goods sold (description, detailed as may be necessary, in particular if assurances as to

 

performance or suitability for specific purposes are given, incl. any warranties; quantity sold in units,

weight, volume, as the case may be; specific instructions for packaging, if necessary)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

4) Contract price (price per unit, weight or volume; whether price is EXW or includes some or all

 

freight and insurance charges etc; total contract price; currency, amount in numbers, amount in

letters; whether price is with or without VAT or sales tax)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[this is the “contract” price, not the price for the goods alone, i.e. it includes any and all costs which

are at the seller’s charge and compensated by the buyer; alternatively, the seller may want to

stipulate a net price plus costs for shipping, insurance (if C or D term), VAT or sales tax, etc.]

 

5) Delivery terms (all references to Incoterms 2010)

 

    EXW ex works named place . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FCA free carrier named place . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FAS free alongside ship named port of shipment.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

FOB free on board named port of shipment.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    CPT carriage paid to named place of destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CIP carriage and insurance paid to named place of destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CFR cost and freight named port of destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CIF cost insurance and freight named port of destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    DAT delivered at terminal named place of destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    DAP delivered at place named place of destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    DDP delivered duty paid named port of destination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

6) Carrier

 

  1. a) Name and address of first carrier [in seller’s country] (if applicable) (with name and title of

authorized representative and/or contact person with phone and fax numbers)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  1. b) Name and address of main carrier

(with name and title of authorized representative and/or contact person with phone and fax numbers)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  1. c) Name and address of third carrier [in buyer’s country] (if applicable) (with name and title of

authorized representative and/or contact person with phone and fax numbers)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

7) Time of delivery (time, day, week and/or month during which seller must perform his

 

delivery obligations according to above delivery terms. Warning if time is of the essence for

the buyer, which means that any delay by seller can be a fundamental breach.)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

8) Inspection of the goods (depending on the type of goods and customs in the industry a

 

standard for the inspection may have to be provided or referred to)

by the buyer

before shipment                     time and place. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Other                                      time and place. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

by the following third party

at the expense of .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

…………………………………………………..    time and place. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

9) Retention of title

 

Yes                                                    until. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No

 

10) Payment conditions

 

Payment in advance (= before controlling documents are sent to buyer)

Date ………………………… G Total price G ……….. % of total price

Account ……………………. Holder …………………….. Bank ……………………………………

Payment on open account (= payment after controlling documents are sent to buyer)

Time for payment ……………… days from date of invoice Other ……………………

Open account backed by demand guarantee or standby letter of credit

Account ……………………. Holder …………………….. Bank ……………………………………

Documentary collection

D/P documents against payment          D/A documents against acceptance

Details .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Irrevocable documentary credit            confirmed             unconfirmed

Bank & Place of issue .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bank & Place of confirmation (if applicable) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Credit available

by payment at sight

by deferred payment, ………….. days

by acceptance of drafts, ………. days

by negotiation

Partial shipments        allowed          not allowed

Transhipment              allowed          not allowed

Date on which the documentary credit must be notified to seller

…………………………………….

[unless otherwise specified, 30 days before the beginning of the delivery period]

In case of delayed payment by buyer, interest shall be payable at a rate of ….. %

above the average bank short-term lending rate for prime borrowers prevailing

for the

currency of payment at the place of payment.

Other .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

11) Documents [this should conform to the selected Incoterm and Letter of Credit]

 

  1. a) Documents to be provided by the seller

Transport documents, namely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Commercial invoice                               Packing list

Certificate of origin                                Certificate of inspection by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Export license                                        Import license

Insurance document                              Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  1. b) Documents to be provided by the buyer

Transport documents, namely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Commercial invoice G Packing list

Certificate of origin G Certificate of inspection by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Export license G Import license

Insurance document G Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

12) Cancellation date

 

If the goods are not delivered for any reason whatsoever (including force majeure) by

……..[date] the buyer is entitled to cancel the contract immediately by notification to the seller.

 

13) Liability for delay by seller

 

Liquidated damages for delay in delivery shall be

……… % of price of delayed goods per week,

with a maximum of …….. % of delayed goods

specific amount ………………… currency …………….

In case of termination for delay (points 7 and 12), seller’s liability for damages for delay shall

be limited to

 

……… % of price of delayed goods

specific amount ………………… currency …………….

 

14) Liability for non-conforming goods

 

Seller’s aggregate liability for damages, including loss of profit, any and all consequential

damages, court and attorney fees, and other costs of enforcement of rights and obligations,

etc., arising from lack of conformity of the goods shall be

limited to proven loss (incl. consequential loss, loss of profit etc.) and not exceeding

……….% of the contract price

limited to insurance coverage available at the time of settlement or judgment

determined as follows. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

15) Limitation of liability where non-conforming goods are retained by the buyer

 

The price abatement for retained non-conforming goods shall

not exceed …………. % of the price of such goods

be determined as follows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

16) Time-bar

 

Buyer has to inspect goods immediately upon arrival and notify any lack of conformity

in the time and place of delivery, quality or quantity of the goods, or any

accompanying documents within ………. [hours/days] of arrival. Any non-conformity

that was undetectable upon arrival has to be notified within ………. [hours/days] of

discovery and in any case no later than ……….. [weeks/months/years] of arrival.

Before any action for non-conformity of the goods is taken, the buyer has to notify the

seller and provide an opportunity for the seller to cure the lack of conformity.

Any action for non-conformity of the goods must be taken by the buyer not later than

………..[days] from the date of arrival of the goods at the destination

 

17) Applicable law

 

This sales contract shall be governed by the CISG. Any questions not covered by the

CISG shall be governed by the domestic law of …………………………….

This sales contract shall be governed by the domestic law of ……………. without CISG

This sales contract shall be governed by …………………………………………………………….

Any questions not covered by this international set of rules shall be governed by the

domestic law of …………………………….

 

 

18) Resolution of disputes

 

Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to arbitration

ICC at ……………………………. (place)

other arbitral tribunal (ad hoc or institutional)………………………………….

The number of arbitrators shall be …………………………………………………………

The language of the arbitration shall be ………………………………………………….

The parties shall not resort to arbitration unless good faith attempts to resolve

the dispute with the help of a mediator have not produced a satisfactory result

within …….. weeks.

 

Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to litigation in the ordinary courts of

. . .  . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

19) Additional specifications agreed upon between the seller and the buyer

 

18) Resolution of disputes

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to arbitration

G ICC at ……………………………. (place)

G other arbitral tribunal (ad hoc or institutional)………………………………….

The number of arbitrators shall be …………………………………………………………

The language of the arbitration shall be ………………………………………………….

G The parties shall not resort to arbitration unless good faith attempts to resolve

the dispute with the help of a mediator have not produced a satisfactory result

within …….. weeks.

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to litigation in the ordinary courts of

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Applicability of our General Conditions of Sale (see below pp. 5-8) to the extent they are

compatible with the specific agreements on pp. 1-4

18) Resolution of disputes

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to arbitration

G ICC at ……………………………. (place)

G other arbitral tribunal (ad hoc or institutional)………………………………….

The number of arbitrators shall be …………………………………………………………

The language of the arbitration shall be ………………………………………………….

G The parties shall not resort to arbitration unless good faith attempts to resolve

the dispute with the help of a mediator have not produced a satisfactory result

within …….. weeks.

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to litigation in the ordinary courts of

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

20) Merger clause

 

18) Resolution of disputes

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to arbitration

G ICC at ……………………………. (place)

G other arbitral tribunal (ad hoc or institutional)………………………………….

The number of arbitrators shall be …………………………………………………………

The language of the arbitration shall be ………………………………………………….

G The parties shall not resort to arbitration unless good faith attempts to resolve

the dispute with the help of a mediator have not produced a satisfactory result

within …….. weeks.

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to litigation in the ordinary courts of

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

This is the entire agreement between the parties and supersedes any communications,

negotiations, and agreements with respect to its subject matter prior to its

conclusion. Any subsequent agreements and modifications must be in writing and

signed by duly authorized representatives of both parties.

18) Resolution of disputes

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to arbitration

G ICC at ……………………………. (place)

G other arbitral tribunal (ad hoc or institutional)………………………………….

The number of arbitrators shall be …………………………………………………………

The language of the arbitration shall be ………………………………………………….

G The parties shall not resort to arbitration unless good faith attempts to resolve

the dispute with the help of a mediator have not produced a satisfactory result

within …….. weeks.

G Any disputes related to this contract shall be subject to litigation in the ordinary courts of

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

other.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

 

 

 

 

For the seller                                                                                                         For the buyer

signature                                                                                                                         signature

 

 

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

name and title                                                                                                      name and title

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

date and place                                                                                                     date and place

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

 

 

Part B: GENERAL CONDITIONS

based on ICC General Conditions of Sale (Manufactured Goods Intended for Resale)

 

Art.1 General

1.1 These General Conditions are intended to supplement the Specific Conditions (pages 1-4 of the

present contract). In case of contradiction between these General Conditions and any Specific

Conditions agreed upon between the parties, the specific conditions shall prevail.

1.2 Any questions relating to this contract which are not expressly or implicitly settled by the

provisions contained in the contract itself (i.e. these General Conditions and any specific conditions

agreed upon by the parties) shall be governed:

  1. by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna

Convention of 1980, hereafter referred to as CISG), and

  1. to the extent that such questions are not covered by CISG, by reference to the law of the

country where the Seller has his place of business.

1.3 Any reference made to trade terms (such as EXW, FCA, etc. ) is deemed to be made to the

relevant term of the INCOTERMS published by the International Chamber of Commerce.

1.4 Any reference made to a publication of the International Chamber of Commerce is deemed to be

made to the version current at the date of conclusion of the Contract.

1.5 No modification of the Contract is valid unless agreed or evidenced in writing. However, a party

may be precluded by his conduct from asserting this provision to the extent that the other party has

relied on that conduct.

 

Art. 2 Characteristics of the goods

2.1 It is agreed that any information relating to the goods and their use, such as weights, dimensions,

capacities, prices, colors and other data contained in catalogues, prospectuses, circulars, websites,

advertisements, illustrations, price-lists of the Seller, shall not take effect as terms of the contract

unless expressly referred to in the Contract.

2.2 Unless otherwise agreed, the Buyer does not acquire any property rights in software, drawings,

etc. which may have been made available to him. The Seller also remains the exclusive owner of any

intellectual or industrial property rights relating to the goods.

 

Art. 3 Inspection of the goods before shipment

If the parties have agreed that the Buyer is entitled to inspect the goods before shipment, the Seller

must notify the Buyer within a reasonable time before the shipment that the goods are ready for

inspection at the agreed place.

 

Art. 4 Price

4.1 If no price has been agreed, the Seller’ s current list price at the time of the conclusion of the

Contract shall apply. In the absence of such a current price, the price generally charged for such

goods at the time of the conclusion of the Contract shall apply.

4.2 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the price does not include VAT, and is not subject to price

adjustment.

4.3 The price indicated under A-4 (contract price) includes any costs which are at the Seller’ s charge

according to this Contract. However, should the Seller bear any costs which, according to this

Contract, are for the Buyer’ s account (e.g. for transportation or insurance under EXW or FCA), such

sums shall not be considered as having been included in the price under A-2 and shall be reimbursed

by the Buyer.

 

 

 

Art.5 Payment conditions

5.1 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, or implied from a prior course of dealing between the parties,

payment of the price and of any other sums due by the Buyer to the Seller shall be on open account

and time of payment shall be 30 days from the date of invoice. The amounts due shall be transferred,

unless otherwise agreed, by teletransmission to the Seller’ s bank in the sellers country for the

account of the Seller and the Buyer shall be deemed to have performed his payment obligations

when the respective sums due have been received by the Seller’ s bank in immediately available

funds.

5.2 If the parties have agreed on payment in advance, without further indication, it well be assumed

that such advance payment, unless otherwise agreed, refers to the full price, and that the advance

payment must be received by the Seller’ s bank in immediately available funds at least 30 days before

the agreed date of delivery or the earliest date within the agreed delivery period. If advance payment

has ‘been agreed only for a part of the contract price, the payment conditions of the remaining

amount will be determined according to the rules set forth in this article.

5.3 If the parties have agreed on payment by documentary credit, then, unless otherwise agreed, the

Buyer must arrange for a documentary credit in favour of the Seller to be issued by a reputable bank,

subject to the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary credits published by the International

Chamber of Commerce, and to be notified at least 30 days before the agreed date of delivery or at

least 30 days before the earliest date within the agreed delivery period. Unless otherwise agreed, the

documentary credit shall be payable at sight and allow partial shipments and transshipments.

5.4 If the parties have agreed on payment by documentary collection, then unless otherwise agreed,

documents will be tendered against payment (D/P) and the tender will in any case be subject to the

Uniform Rules for Collections published by the International Chamber of Commerce.

5.5 To the extent that the parties have agreed that payment is to be backed by a bank guarantee, the

Buyer is to provide, at least 30 days before the agreed date of delivery or at least 30 days before the

earliest date within the agreed delivery period, a first demand bank guarantee subject to the Uniform

Rules for Demand Guarantees published by the International Chamber of Commerce, or a standby

letter of credit subject either to such Rules or to the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary

Credits published by the International Chamber of Commerce, in either case issued by a reputable

bank.

 

Art. 6 Interest in case of delayed payment

6.1 If a party does not pay a sum of money when it falls due the other party is entitled to interest upon

that sum from the time when payment is due to the time of payment.

6.2 Unless otherwise agreed, the rate of interest shall be 2% above the average bank short-term

lending rate to prime borrowers prevailing for the currency of payment at the place of payment, or

where no such rate exists at that place, then the same rate in the State of the currency of payment. In

the absence of such a rate at either place the rate of interest shall be the appropriate rate fixed by the

law of the State of the currency of payment.

 

Art.7 Retention of title

If the parties have validly agreed on retention of title, the goods shall remain the property of the Seller

until the complete payment of the price, or as otherwise agreed.

 

Art.8 Contractual term of delivery

Unless otherwise agreed, delivery shall be “Ex Works” (EXW).

 

Art. 9 Documents

Unless otherwise agreed, the Seller must provide the documents (if any) indicated in the applicable

Incoterm or, if no Incoterm is applicable, according to any previous course of dealing.

Art. 10 Late-delivery, non-delivery and remedies therefor

10.1 When there is delay in delivery of any goods, the Buyer is entitled to claim liquidated damages

equal to 0.5% or such other percentage as may be agreed of the price of those goods for each

complete week of delay, provided the Buyer notifies the Seller of the delay. Where the Buyer so

notifies the Seller within 15 days from the agreed date of delivery, damages will run from the agreed

date of delivery or from the last day within the agreed period of delivery. Where the Buyer so notifies

the Seller after 15 days of the agreed date of delivery, damages will run from the date of the notice.

Liquidated damages for delay shall not exceed 5 % of the price of the delayed goods or such other

maximum amount as may be agreed.

10.2 If the parties have agreed upon a cancellation date in A-12, the Buyer may terminate the

contract by notification to the Seller as regards goods which have not been delivered by such

cancellation date for any reason whatsoever (including a force majeure event).

10.3 When article 10.2 does not apply and the Seller has not delivered the goods by the date on

which the Buyer has become entitled to the maximum amount of liquidated damages under article

10.1, the Buyer may give notice in writing to terminate the contract as regards such goods, if they

have not been delivered to the Buyer within 5 days of receipt of such notice by the Seller.

10.4 In case of termination of the contract under article 10.2 or 10.3 then in addition to any amount

paid or payable under article 10.1 the Buyer is entitled to claim damages for any additional loss not

exceeding 10% of the price of the non-delivered goods.

10.5 The remedies under this article are exclusive of any other remedy for delay in delivery or nondelivery.

 

Art.11 Non-conformity of the goods

11.1 The Buyer shall examine the goods as soon as possible after their arrival at destination and shall

notify the Seller in writing of any lack of conformity of the goods within 15 days from the date when

the Buyer discovers or ought to have discovered the lack of conformity. In any case the Buyer shall

nave no remedy for lack of conformity if he fails to notify the Seller thereof within 12 months from the

date of arrival of the goods at the agreed destination.

11.2 Goods will be deemed to conform to the contract despite minor discrepancies which are usual in

the particular trade or through course of dealing between the parties but the Buyer will be entitled to

any abatement of the price usual in the trade or through course of dealing for such discrepancies.

11.3 Where goods are non-conforming (and provided the Buyer, having given notice of the lack of

conformity in compliance with article 11.1, does not elect in the notice to retain them), the Seller shall

at his option:

(a)       replace the goods with conforming goods, without any additional expense to the Buyer, or

(b)       repair the goods, without any additional expense to the Buyer, or

(c)       reimburse to the Buyer the price paid for the nonconforming goods and thereby terminate the

contract as regards those goods.

The Buyer will be entitled to liquidated damages as quantified under article 10.1 for each complete

week of delay between the date of notification of the non-conformity according to article 11.1 and the

supply of substitute goods under article 11.3 (a) or repair under article 11.3 (b) above. Such damages

may be accumulated with damages (if any) payable under article 10.1, but can in no case exceed in

the aggregate 5% of the price of those goods.

11.4 If the Seller has failed to perform his duties under 11.3 by the date on which the Buyer becomes

entitled to the maximum amount of liquidated damages according to that article, the Buyer may give

notice in writing to terminate the contract as regards the non-conforming goods unless the supply of

replacement goods or the repair is effected within 5 days of receipt of such notice by the Seller.

11.5 Where the Contract is terminated under article 11.3 (c) or article 11.4, then in addition to any

amount paid or payable under art.11.3 as reimbursement of the price and damages for any delay, the

Buyer is entitled to damages for any additional loss not exceeding l0% of the price of the nonconforming

goods.

11.6 Where the Buyer elects to retain non-conforming goods, he shall be entitled to a sum equal to

the difference between the value of the goods at the agreed place of destination if they had

conformed with the Contract and their value at the same place as delivered, such sum not to exceed

15% of the price of those goods.

11.7 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the remedies under this article 11 are exclusive of any other

remedy for nonconformity.

11.8 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, no action for lack of conformity can be taken by the Buyer,

whether before judicial or arbitral tribunals, after 2 years from the date of arrival of the goods. It is

expressly agreed that after the expiry of such term, the Buyer will not plead non-conformity of the

goods, or make a counterclaim thereon, in defense to any action taken by the Seller against the

Buyer for non-performance of this Contract.

 

Art.12 Cooperation between the parties

12.1 The Buyer shall promptly inform the Seller of any claim made against the Buyer by his

customers or third parties concerning the goods delivered or intellectual property rights related

thereto.

12.2 The Seller will promptly inform the Buyer of any claim which may involve the product liability of

the Buyer.

 

Art. 13 Force majeure

13.1 A party is not liable for a failure to perform any of his obligations in so far as he proves

(a)       that the failure was due to an impediment beyond his control, and

(b)       that he could not reasonable be expected to have taken the impediment and its effects upon

his ability to perform into account at the time of the conclusion of the contract, and

(c)       that he could not reasonably have avoided or overcome it or its effects.

13.2 A party seeking relief shall, as soon as practicable after the impediment and its effects upon his

ability to perform become known to him, give notice to the other party of such impediment and its

effects on his ability to perform. Notice shall also be given when the ground of relief ceases.

Failure to give either notice makes the party thus failing liable in damages for loss which otherwise

could have been avoided.

13.3 Without prejudice to article 10.2, a ground of relief under this clause relieves the party failing to

perform from liability in damages, from penalties and other contractual sanctions, and from the duty

to pay interest on money owing, as long as and to the extent that the ground subsists.

13.4 If the grounds of relief subsist for more than six months, either party shall be entitled to

terminate the contract without notice.

 

Art.14 Resolution of disputes

14.1 Unless otherwise agreed in writing, all disputes arising in connection with the present contract

shall be finally settled under the Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce by

one or more arbitrators appointed in accordance with the said Rules.

14.2 An arbitration clause does not prevent any party from requesting interim or conservatory

measures from the courts.

sani3

Saniterra

Saniterra

SANITERRA INTERNATIONAL LDA, founded in Porto, in north side of Portugal one of the greatest Product design hubs in the world. This is where the tradition of sanitary originated and where technical colorful bathroom are develop. At SANITERRA , we place the most stringent demands on quality, design and durability. This means SANITERRA by using outsource strategy production focus on a functional, robust and timeless Sanitary that meets the needs and wants of the most demanding end-user.

Why Architects and designer the world cover choose SANITERRA for its innovative and architectural characteristics such as a sleek and transparent structure and for its functional properties which are ease of maintenance and sturdiness.

When we talk about the activities we perform in our bathrooms today, we tend to speak of everything that relates to taking care of our bodies: washing, bathing, cleaning, relieving ourselves, manicuring our outer appearance…it’s a place we cleanse ourselves, ensure proper hygiene, and a place we .

SANITERRA INTERNATIONAL LDA, has been providing Bathroom sanitary business process outsourcing (BPO) solutions to multinational clients, creating value to customers with highest quality and really affordable price for especial construction project and Building Developer…. The headquarters in Porto comprise the Marketing & Sales Management Section, the Section for Bathtubs, Bathroom Accessories, Mixer and taps, as well as products customization activities. The sanitary, washbasin and toilet sections operates in fabrica di Roma.

Made in Italy with close cooperation with Portugal, is a mark of quality that our products fit with great pride.

 

Our philosophy is aimed at satisfying the needs of every type of customer, for this reason the company has always focused its stylistic and technological research towards a quality product that can generate a strong “appeal” in every nuance. The quest for innovation is the strength on which we find designers, engineers, chemists and commercial manager.

 

The technology used by SANITERRA Ceramics consists of a working method that preserves the care and attention of the product, in each of its production step, making it closer to crafts industry that true, then combining it with other strongly technological processes which complement our production line.

                  

 

 

 

                        

 

p1

Petrochemical products

HDPE

Grade name: F7000

Categories: Polymer. Thermoplastic. PE . Heavy polyethyleneProcesses: Blowing filmApplications: Film. General purpose filmFeatures: Good processability. Good rigidity

Physical properties:

name amount Dimension Conditions Standard
Density 0.952 g/m3 ISO 1183
MFI 0.04 g/10min ISO 1133

mechanical properties :

Name Amount Dimension Conditions Standard
Elongation Break 500 % ISO 527
ESCR 600 H ASTM D1693
Hardness Shore D 64 ISO 868
Tensile Strength Break 24 MPa ISO 527
Tensile Strength Yield 27 MPa ISO 527

Thermal properties

Name Amount Dimension Conditions Standard
Melting Point 131 °C ISO 11537-1
Vicat Softening Point 124 °C ISO 306

 

Urea fertilizer 46%-Granular

Granule fertilizer is usually harder than prill. the size of Granule is between 2 up to 4 mm but Prill is between 1 up to 2/4 mm. The  physical  structure of  urea  fertilizer  is  the  key  factor  to  its  mechanical  and  physical  properties  such  as  flow ability and avoidance of caking, while thermal and chemical properties are unlikely to be affected.The  results  confirm  that  both  prilled  and  granulated  urea  are  of  a  very  similar  composition  and  thermal  characteristics  (melting  point). The  only  key  difference  between  them  is  the internal structure  of  granules  which  is  the  fundamental  key  to  their  mechanical  properties.The  strength  measurement  show  granulated urea have a higher strength as their prominent size and internal structure, while prills  performed  weaker strength  having  the  small  size

 

 

Specification of Granule Urea

GRANULATED UREA
Physical & chemical Property Actual
Biuret  (wt%) MAX 1.0(max)
Water   (wt%) MAX 0.5 (max)
Formaldehyde  (wt%)  MAX 0.6
Total nitrogen  (wt%) 46.1(min)
NH3  (wt%) 0.015(max)
Total nitrogen (min wt%) 46
Urea  (wt%) 97.93
Bulk density  (g / lit) 0.73 – 0.77
Physical state White granules solid
Ave.  MW 59.2
Size distribution 2-4mm 90%wt (Min)
Crushing strength (kg / granule) 3.0 kg min On 3.15 mm dia. Granule size